Reading ANSI Tables for Inspections Based on Random Sampling

Reading ANSI Tables

How to read the “ANSI tables”, aka “AQL tables”

Source: Mil-Std 105E, replaced by commercial standards:

ISO2859, ANSI/ASQ Z1.4-2003, NF06-022, BS 6001, DIN 40080.

Random Sampling

¤  100% inspection can consume a lot of time, or destructive.

¤  How many should you check?

¤  Follow statistics rather than a fixed percentage

¤  Widely used settings:

¤  Normal severity

¤  Level II

Acceptance Quality Limit (AQL)

¤  How do you decide if the batch is accepted or rejected?

¤  The buyer and the supplier should agree on AQLs.

¤  Widely used settings for consumer goods in China:

¤  0% for critical defects (totally unacceptable: a user might get harmed, or regulations are not respected).

¤  2.5% for major defects (these products would usually not be considered acceptable by the end user).

¤  4.0% for minor defects (there is some departure from specifications, but most users would not mind it).

Example

¤  Order size: 40,000 pcs of memory sticks, to be made in 1 batch by the supplier.

¤  Single sampling plan.

¤  Normal severity, level II.

¤  AQLs: critical 0, major 1.5%, minor 4.0%.

Step 1: The Code Letter

The Code Letter(1)

Step 2: Sample Size and AQLs

Sample Size and AQLs

 

Sample Size and AQLs p2

 

Sample Size and AQLs p3

This Special Case

¤  The ISO2859-1 standard says:

¤  If this procedure leads to different sample sizes for different classes of nonconformities or nonconforming items, the sample size code letter corresponding to the largest sample size derived may be used for all classes of nonconformities or nonconforming items, when designated or approved by the responsible authority.

Conclusion (for Single Plan)

¤  Your code letter is “N”, so you will have to draw 500 pcs randomly from the total lot size.

¤  Here are the limits: the products are accepted if NO critical defects, and NO MORE than 14 major defects, and NO MORE than 21 minor defects are found.

¤  Examples: 

¤  If you find 0 critical defect, 17 major defects and 12 minor defects, the products are rejected. 

¤  If you find 0 critical defect, 10 major defects and 21 minor defects, the products are accepted.

Same Example, Double Plan

¤  For simplicity, let’s only look at major defects.

¤  Code letter is unchanged.

 This Special Case

 

This Special Case p2

 

This Special Case p3

Conclusion (for Double Plan)

¤  1st step: draw 315 samples and check them.

¤  If you find 7 defects or less: the lot is accepted.

¤  If you find 11 defects or more: the lot is rejected.

¤  If you find between 8 and 10 defects: go for 2nd step.

¤  2nd step: draw another 315 samples and check them.

¤  If you find 18 defects or less in total: the lot is accepted.

¤  If you find 19 defects or more in total: the lot is rejected.

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